Periodontal Disease Treatment
What causes periodontal disease?
Due to the presence of bacteria, mucus and food particles in our mouth, plaque forms on the teeth. If the teeth are not brushed and flossed regularly, this plaque can harden into a thick layer and only dental cleaning can help to remove it. This layer of plaque can lead to gingivitis (bleeding gums) and, later on, to periodontitis (gum inflammation).
What are the different treatments available for periodontal disease?
The treatments required differ depending on how advanced the stage of periodontal disease is, how responsive you have been to previous treatments and the overall state of your health. At Oakridge Dental Center, we offer you a wide range of treatments to effectively treat periodontal disease.
Our treatments are classified under two categories – Surgical and Non-surgical treatments.
Surgical Treatments: These treatments all require some form of surgery and are recommended only as a last option.
- Bone Graft Treatment- If your bone has been damaged due to gum disease, it can be replaced by using synthetic bone, fragments of your natural bone or bone from donors.
- Flap Surgery- This surgery involves the lifting back the gums to remove the hardened plaque layer called ‘tartar’. This is done to decrease the area between the teeth and the gum, so that harmful bacteria have less chance to grow.
- Guided Regeneration of Tissue- This treatment is recommended when the gum and bone tissue have to grow once more and is usually carried out along with flap surgery. Here, a small piece of mesh is placed in between the bone and the gum, thus ensuring the two tissues do not grow into overlapping areas.
- Bone Surgery Treatment- This is usually done after flap surgery to reshape the bone around the teeth and reduce the craters that get formed due to bone loss.
- Soft Tissue Graft Treatment- If the gums have receded or become thin due to periodontal disease, they may require soft tissue grafts. This soft tissue from donors, synthetic, or removed from the roof of the mouth, is stitched to the affected tissue.
Non-surgical Treatments: No surgery is required here.
- Scaling of teeth- This involves the scraping or scaling of tartar and plaque from the teeth under the influence of a local anesthetic.
- Dental cleaning- Here, our experienced and qualified dentist removes the plaque layer from your teeth using dental cleaning techniques and special equipment. This should ideally be done twice a year.
- Laser Bacterial Reduction – In addition to locally administered antibiotics, laser bacterial reduction helps assist in fighting the disease and promotes gum healing.
If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, it may not always be severe. Depending on your individual case, it could just be inflammation of the gums. Only in dire circumstances, it would mean a damaged soft tissue and bone structure which could result in loss of teeth.
If you have periodontal disease, don’t wait. Contact Oakridge Dental Center today for an appointment. Meeting our dental care team could be the difference between losing your pearly whites and maintaining healthy gums and teeth.